Madchester - A New Flame.
" In the second half of the nineteen eighties a new music scene blossomed in Manchester, different from any previous pop music movement in the UK. As Shaun Ryder, of the Happy Mondays, said at the time, this was "Madchester". After bands like Duran Duran, Spandau Ballet and others, the rash of robust music from the city was a breath of pure fresh air. The Stone Roses, The Happy Mondays, the Charlatans, A Guy Called Gerald, 808 State and others were a big Hollywood calm-yourself-down slap across the face for pretension and artfulness. It was all so very non-London too: the music press had to follow on behind claiming false credit where they could. But this rebellion in the North not only surprised them, it shocked with its pure rawness. In the end it shocked us all.
So what was so different? For a start this was the first genuine sound of the British inner-city. Even Punk began as an orchestrated intellectual conceit of people like Malcolm McLaren. Nobody could mould the joyful chaos of The Happy Mondays. The fashion, the look, the excitement, the good feeling - often generated by Ecstasy - came from the falling apart housing estates around the city….
The Happy Mondays hailing from Little Hulton north west of the city centre, embodied the times - the good and the bad - better than any other band. The group kicked off in 1984 as a ramshackle unit of like minded individuals with little musical acumen. From the beginning they had a wild reckless charisma recognised by local fans and importantly, New Order and Anthony Wilson of Factory Music…..
The other main driving force was The Stone Roses. The group was set up by near neighbours and close friends Ian Brown and John Squire in 1983. The original name was English Rose, taken from the song of the same name on The Jam’s All Mod Cons LP. In 1985 the Stone Roses began to attract a growing following in the city through a series of late night, impromptu and often illegal warehouse parties, one of the best taking place in the arch of a railway viaduct near to Manchester’s mainline station. The band’s growing influence on the local music scene was underscored by accomplices who vandalised the city’s public buildings with the band name…..” http://www.manchester.com/music/features/music5.php
See also, http://www.prideofmanchester.com/music/1990s.htm